Staatshaftung im Ausnahmezustand: Doktrin und Rechtspraxis im Deutschen Reich und in Frankreich, 1914–1919
[La responsabilité de l’État en temps d’exception: doctrine et pratique juridiques en France et en Allemagne, 1914–1919]
Studien zur europäischen Rechtsgeschichte 322
Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann 2020. XIV, 348 S.
The First World War represented the modern constitutional state’s ›primordial experience‹ of the state of emergency. Guided by the question of the legal responsibility of the state under such circumstances, this comparative study examines state liability law in Germany and France between 1914 and 1918. Categories of ›legitimate‹ and ›illegitimate‹ state action that were either non-existent in pre-war international law or even contradicted it were subsequently sanctioned by the peace treaties. Despite further turning points in the 20th century, the basic elements of today's international order can be traced back to decisions made in 1919. This applies in particular to the responsibility of states under international law, which this study elaborates against the background of the liability law of France and Germany concerning destruction, expropriation and economic war measures.