Normative Orientierungen lokaler Schlichtung. Fallstudien aus einem Waldecker Friedensgericht von 1850. (Normative Orientations of Local Arbitration. Case Studies from a Waldeck Peace Court of 1850.)
In the middle of the 19th century, local arbitration as a means of conflict resolution was practised in several German territories to an extent that was never seen again later. The Peace Court of the Principality of Waldeck-Pyrmont (1848-1879) is – apart from some arbitration bodies around Berlin – the only local arbitration institution whose protocol books from that period are still available today. On the basis of these protocols, this article analyses some typical cases from 1850 in order to work out why this arbitration system was so popular at that time and, above all, in order to answer the following question: To what extent did the norms applied there deviate from the norms of state law?